Herbal Over-Seeding Mixture - Deep Rooting Herbal Ley
Deep rooting herbal leys are becoming more and more popular due to recent droughts and awareness of diminishing soil and forage quality. There is also the increasing realisation that these diverse swards are more beneficial to livestock and are more sustainable than traditional ryegrass-based leys. Whilst sowing a herbal ley into a clean seedbed is preferable, this over-seeding mixture can be used to successfully convert existing pasture into a herbal ley. br> br>Ensure the existing pasture is cut or grazed tightly and that it is free of aggressive weeds or grasses. Care should be taken to open up the existing sward by harrowing or similar, providing access to the soil and space for the newly sown plants to establish. This mix can then be broadcast or shallow drilled before rolling, several times if possible.
|Contents per Acre||%||kg|
|certified LEO birdsfoot trefoil||6.7||0.400|
|certified GLOBAL red clover||5.8||0.350|
|certified AURORA alsike clover||4.2||0.250|
|certified MERWI white clover||7.5||0.450|
|certified JURA white clover||1.7||0.100|
|commercial sweet clover||3.3||0.200|
|Burnet forage herb||16.7||1.000|
|Sheeps Parsley forage herb||8.3||0.500|
|certified PUNA II chicory||5.8||0.350|
|certified ENDURANCE ribgrass||4.2||0.250|
|Yarrow forage herb||2.5||0.150|
Birdsfoot Trefoil is a legume, it grows from a basal crown, with numerous stems that can vary from prostrate to erect in growth habit. In some parts of the country it is called the 'eggs and bacon' plant.
Chicory is an eye catching, mineral rich forage herb that has a long taproot capable of penetrating to great depth, breaking through plough pans and leaving the soil aerated, aiding drainage and crop root development. Itís frequently used in combination with other species as a soil improving species and is commonly used as an addition to grazing leys due to its high protein content and its ability to fatten lambs. It is also a known anthelmintic species.
Medium Leaved White Clover
White clover is one of the most common legumes in the UK. This species can be recognised by its creeping growth habit. Its creeping stolons help to fill in gaps in the sward, putting down roots at each node. White clover varieties can be categorised into small, medium and large leaf sizes. Generally the smaller the leaf size, the more persistent and prostrate the plant will be, the small leaf type will tolerate closer grazing from sheep and tends to sit lower at the base of the sward, the small and medium leaf varieties are used for grazing mixtures. Using mixtures of white clover varieties helps to ensure that at least one can tolerate and contribute to what ever management regime is being imposed at a given time. The medium leaf varieties are very adaptable, generally they can be used for both grazing and cutting mixtures. They combine a good tolerance to cattle or sheep grazing and can contribute to cutting yields, while still being more persistent than the large leaf varieties. There are also variations, which can be classed as small to medium in terms of leaf size. Common medium leaf varieties are aberherald & aberdai, while the variety aberpearl is classed as small to medium leaf in terms of size.
Red clover is one of the most popularly used true clovers in the UK. Once established itís capable of rapid growth and shows reasonably good persistence up to three years, although ongoing breeding work is being carried out to increase plant persistence. The highest yielding strains of red clover are called 'double cut' varieties, normally providing quick regrowth after cutting and several flushes or cuts per season. The 'single cut' strains of red clover, notably the variety altaswede provide one large cut per season, flowering approximately 10 days later than the 'double cut' strains.
Ribgrass is a very popular perennial forage herb which is commonly mixed with sheep's parsley, yarrow and burnet to increase diversity and lift trace elements from deep within the soil profile. It can be mixed with regular grassland species to increase grazing quality, and with deep roots it is also popular in mixtures for lighter land. It is also known as Plantain or narrow leaf plantain.
Sainfoin is extremely palatable to livestock and has very good nutritional balance. It can be grazed or fed as hay or silage. It suits the thin soils and limestone rich downlands found in some areas of the UK. Loosely translated sainfoin in French means 'Healthy Hay'.
Sheeps parsley is a common forage herb, usually mixed with ribgrass, yarrow and burnet to increase diversity and lift trace elements from deep within the soil profile. It can be mixed with regular grassland species to increase grazing diversity.
Sweet clover (also known as yellow blossom) is a tall biennial plant. There are two forms, one white flowered and one yellow, with little difference between them. Once established it is aggressive, producing a large tap root and significant biomass.
Yarrow is a small seeded forage herb which is commonly mixed with sheep's parsley, burnet and ribgrass to increase diversity and lift trace elements from deep within the soil profile, as a specific herbs mixture, or part of a diverse grass ley. It has been noted to improve circulation and blood flow in livestock.