Herbal AD Mix for Heavy Soils 4 Year Ley

Ref: mixadm

Where the standard Herbal AD mix above is great for light land, there are some species ion this mix which may not survive as well on heavier or wetter soils. This 'Heavy Soil' equivalent mixture is an alternative choice which only contains species which will grow on these heavier soil types with poorer drainage, but still provides all the benefits of a deep rooting and diverse mixture.

Persistence (0-10 Years)
               
Yield (0-20 T DM/Ha)
                                   
Grazing Suitability (1-5)
     
Cutting Suitability (1-5)
     

Contents per Acre%kg
certified ABEREVE tet. hybrid ryegrass29.23.50
certified RASANT timothy16.72.00
certified PARDUS meadow fescue12.51.50
certified QUANTUM tall fescue8.31.00
certified late flowering red clover8.31.00
certified alsike clover3.30.40
commercial sweet clover6.70.80
certified ALICE white clover4.20.50
certified PUNA II chicory4.20.50
certified Hercules ribgrass forage herb0.80.10
Burnet forage herb5.80.70
Units AcHaKg

£75.27 / Acre

Sowing rate: 12.0kg/acre (30.0kg/ha)

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Legume

Alsike Clover

Alsike clover is a short term perennial that fixes nitrogen. It is a true clover, not a hybrid as the name suggests. Compared to many annual clovers it can be the slowest to flower after a spring sowing.

Alsike Clover Species Guide  Buy Alsike Clover Straight

Herb

Burnet

Burnet is a forage herb, It is noted for having deep tap roots, which helps it remain green on thin, dry soils. It is also early to grow in the spring, contributing to forage in late March to April.

Burnet Species Guide  Buy Burnet Straight

Herb

Chicory

Chicory is an eye catching, mineral rich forage herb that has a long taproot capable of penetrating to great depth, breaking through plough pans and leaving the soil aerated, aiding drainage and crop root development. Itís frequently used in combination with other species as a soil improving species and is commonly used as an addition to grazing leys due to its high protein content and its ability to fatten lambs. It is also a known anthelmintic species.

Chicory Species Guide  Buy Chicory Straight

Grass

Hybrid Ryegrass

This form of ryegrass is perhaps one of the best grasses available to the intensive farmer. The hybrid ryegrass is a cross between the Italian and perennial forms of ryegrass and shares characteristics of both. The dominant parent determines how the variety performs in the field. Most hybrid varieties are dominant with Italian genes and the best cultivars provide the same or similar high yields as Italian ryegrass. But as they also contain some of the persistent genes of the perennial ryegrass parent they last longer. This longer lasting and high yielding silage grass has one further advantage: the genes of the perennial ryegrass parent produces a plant with more tillers and more leaf which gives increased ground cover, making them better for aftermath grazing.

Hybrid Ryegrass Species Guide  Buy Hybrid Ryegrass Straight

Legume

Large Leaved White Clover

Clover is one of the most popular legumes in the UK, this species can be recognised by its creeping growth habit. Its creeping stolons help to fill in gaps in the sward, putting down roots at each node. White clover varieties can be categorised into small, medium and large leaf sizes. Generally the smaller the leaf size, the more persistent and prostrate the plant will be, the small leaf type will tolerate closer grazing from sheep and tends to sit lower at the base of the sward, the small and medium leaf varieties are used for grazing mixtures. Using mixtures of white clover varieties helps to ensure that at least one can tolerate and contribute to what ever management regime is being imposed at a given time. The larger leaf varieties are more upright and contribute to yield in cutting swards, but they are less persistent. Common large leaf varieties are Alice & Barblanca.

Large Leaved White Clover Species Guide  Buy Large Leaved White Clover Straight

Legume

Late Flowering Red Clover

Red clover is one of the most popularly used true clovers in the UK. Once established itís capable of rapid growth and shows reasonably good persistence up to three years, although ongoing breeding work is being carried out to increase plant persistence. The 'single cut' or 'late' strains of red clover, notably the diploid variety altaswede provide one large cut per season, flowering once per season, approximately 10 - 18 days later than the 'double cut' early strains.

Late Flowering Red Clover Species Guide

Grass

Meadow Fescue

One of the larger fescues this is a valuable grazing grass which can also be made into hay. Recent thinking has altered the Latin so that the flat leaved fescues (meadow fescue and tall fescue) have been given their own genus, separate from the finer leaved fescues.

Meadow Fescue Species Guide  Buy Meadow Fescue Straight

Herb

Ribgrass (plantain)

Ribgrass is a very popular perennial forage herb which is commonly mixed with sheep's parsley, yarrow and burnet to increase diversity and lift trace elements from deep within the soil profile. It can be mixed with regular grassland species to increase grazing quality, and with deep roots it is also popular in mixtures for lighter land. It is also known as Plantain or narrow leaf plantain.

Ribgrass (plantain) Species Guide  Buy Ribgrass (plantain) Straight

Legume

Sweet Clover

Sweet clover (also known as yellow blossom) is a tall biennial plant. There are two forms, one white flowered and one yellow, with little difference between them. Once established it is aggressive, producing a large tap root and significant biomass.

Sweet Clover Species Guide  Buy Sweet Clover Straight

Grass

Tall Fescue

Tall fescue is found throughout the UK, it has similar features to meadow fescue, however it is distinguished by being taller, and coarser, with a rough upper leaf and margins. The well developed root system means it is tolerant of drought, damp and frost, which has created interest among plant breeders, looking to cross highly productive ryegrass and resilient fescue species as festuloliums. Recent thinking has altered the Latin so that the flat leaved fescues (meadow fescue and tall fescue) have been given their own genus, separate from the finer leaved fescues.

Tall Fescue Species Guide

Grass

Timothy

Possibly the most important and flexible grass species which is used both environmentally and agriculturally. It is a very common species found in pasture throughout the UK. It retains its verdure longer than most grasses and although similar to smaller cats tail, it is larger in size with wider leaves and a longer spike like panicle.

Timothy Species Guide  Buy Timothy Straight