Orchard Clover Understory Mixture

Ref: mixoc

This legume based, nitrogen fixing mixture provides useful ground cover for orchards. The mixture will flower from early May onwards. This attracts pollinators and beneficial preditary insects.


Contents per Kg%kg
certified common bentgrass5.00.05
commercial crested dogstail5.00.05
certified smaller catstail10.00.10
certified sheeps fescue15.00.15
certified red/chewings fescue20.00.20
certified wild white clover5.00.05
certified late flowering red clover10.00.10
certified alsike clover4.00.04
certified birdsfoot trefoil4.00.04
commercial Sainfoin10.00.10
certified vetch8.00.08
certified yellow trefoil4.00.04
Units Kg

£6.86 / Kg

Sowing rate: 20.0kg/acre (50.0kg/ha)

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Legume

Alsike Clover

Alsike clover is a short term perennial that fixes nitrogen. It is a true clover, not a hybrid as the name suggests. Compared to many annual clovers it can be the slowest to flower after a spring sowing.

Alsike Clover Species Guide  Buy Alsike Clover Straight

Grass

Bentgrass

Common Bentgrass is a perennial grass with fine leaves, The seed head is delicate and attractive, opening loosely from late spring through to autumn. Older swards in heavily grazed or trampled areas may form dense, low growing clumps.

Bentgrass Species Guide  Buy Bentgrass Straight

Legume

Birdsfoot Trefoil

Birdsfoot Trefoil is a legume, it grows from a basal crown, with numerous stems that can vary from prostrate to erect in growth habit. In some parts of the country it is called the 'eggs and bacon' plant.

Birdsfoot Trefoil Species Guide  Buy Birdsfoot Trefoil Straight

Grass

Crested Dogstail

Traditionally a grazing grass, which helps to fill out the base of the sward. This compact tufted perennial is found in abundance in sheep pastures. It is not aggressive and grows well late into the season when other grasses are giving up. It has good winter greenness but is inclined to produce wiry stems if not cut or grazed.

Crested Dogstail Species Guide  Buy Crested Dogstail Straight

Legume

Late Flowering Red Clover

Red clover is one of the most popularly used true clovers in the UK. Once established its capable of rapid growth and shows reasonably good persistence up to three years, although ongoing breeding work is being carried out to increase plant persistence. The 'single cut' or 'late' strains of red clover, notably the diploid variety altaswede provide one large cut per season, flowering once per season, approximately 10 - 18 days later than the 'double cut' early strains.

Late Flowering Red Clover Species Guide

Grass

Red Fescue / Chewings Fescue

Also known as chewings fescue, this is a fine leaved, tufted grass. It is distinguished from creeping red fescue by its absence of creeping rhizomes. It remains dark green throughout most of the season.

Red Fescue / Chewings Fescue Species Guide  Buy Red Fescue / Chewings Fescue Straight

Legume

Sainfoin

Sainfoin is extremely palatable to livestock and has very good nutritional balance. It can be grazed or fed as hay or silage. It suits the thin soils and limestone rich downlands found in some areas of the UK. Loosely translated sainfoin in French means 'Healthy Hay'.

Sainfoin Species Guide  Buy Sainfoin Straight

Grass

Smaller Catstail / Small Timothy

A leafy perennial species found throughout the UK. It grows on low lands to foothills and can be found in old pasture and hedgerows. Normally thought of as a smaller, lower yielding relative of Timothy. Although valued as a forage plant for livestock, it can also form a useful compact turf.

Smaller Catstail / Small Timothy Species Guide  Buy Smaller Catstail / Small Timothy Straight

Legume

Vetch

Vetch is a well known legume also known as common vetch or tares. It scrambling, smothering growth habit and frost tolerance make it a very useful winter cover crop or green manure.

Vetch Species Guide  Buy Vetch Straight

Legume

Wild White Clover (small leaved)

White clover is one of the most common legumes in the UK. This species can be recognised by its creeping growth habit. Its creeping stolons help to fill in gaps in the sward, putting down roots at each node. White clover varieties can be categorised into small, medium and large leaf sizes. Generally the smaller the leaf size, the more persistent and prostrate the plant will be, the small leaf type will tolerate closer grazing from sheep and tends to sit lower at the base of the sward, the small and medium leaf varieties are used for grazing mixtures. Using mixtures of white clover varieties helps to ensure that at least one can tolerate and contribute to what ever management regime is being imposed at a given time. The small leaf varieties are the lowest growing and the most prostrate. Due to the low growing point on the plant , they have a good tolerance to cattle and especially sheep grazing. The small leaf varieties are the most persistent perennial clovers. Small leaf varieties are sometimes call 'wild white clover', one of the best known was the Aberystwyth S 184 variety, another was Kent wild white clover, a more modern version of this variety type is called aberace.

Wild White Clover (small leaved) Species Guide

Legume

Yellow Trefoil / Black Medick

Yellow trefoil (also known as black medick) is a short lived annual/biennial legume, with a low growth habit making it a common choice for undersowing and soil improvement.

Yellow Trefoil / Black Medick Species Guide  Buy Yellow Trefoil / Black Medick Straight